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Either Roman Catholic religion or Romish Catholicism. Catholic with ism added to it is traced to the 16th-century. Catholicism is what the ideology of the Romish Christian Church is frequently called, a Christian sect and Church institution, with numerous churches, and other organs such as monastic orders. They name themselves Roman, but are so only quite partly, and geographically. Obviously they are not an uninterrupted continuation of the ancient Roman kingdom, Republic, or Empire, nor of the lineages or dynasties that made up said States.

Catholic (from Ancient Greek: καθολικός katholikos "universal") was first used to describe the church in the early 2nd century.[18] The first known use of the phrase "the catholic church" (he katholike ekklesia) occurred in the letter from Saint Ignatius of Antioch to the Smyrnaeans, written about 110 AD.[note 2] In the "Catechetical Discourses" of Saint Cyril of Jerusalem (c. 350), the name "Catholic Church" was used to distinguish it from other groups that also call themselves the church.[19][20]


Since the East–West Schism of 1054, the Eastern Church has taken the adjective "Orthodox" as its distinctive epithet (however, its official name continues to be the "Orthodox Catholic Church"[21]) and the Western Church in communion with the Holy See has similarly taken "Catholic", keeping that description also after the Protestant Reformation of the 16th century, when those who ceased to be in communion became known as "Protestants".[22][23]

The use of the adjective "Roman" to describe the Church as governed especially by the Bishop of Rome (the Pope) became more widespread after the Fall of the Western Roman Empire and into the Early Middle Ages (6th-10th century). "Roman Catholic Church" has occasionally been used by the Catholic Church, including in documents produced both by the Holy See[note 3] and by certain national episcopal conferences,[note 4] as well as appearing in the names of certain ecumenical bodies such as the International Anglican–Roman Catholic Commission for Unity and Mission.

Catholic Church is the only name used in the Catechism of the Catholic Church, and was the name with which Pope Paul VI signed the documents of the Second Vatican Council.[24]

The Romish Church continued some Roman and otherwise Indo-European traditions, such as celebrating on the day of the Winter Soltice, and in Easter.

Obviously countless traditions are trans-Catholic as in existing before the Catholic Church and passing through it but operating in previously-Catholic areas such as England, Iceland, and Holland. Latin and its alphabet is one such tradition, another is the collage and University system.

The first use of the term "Catholic Church" (literally meaning "universal church") was by church father Saint Ignatius of Antioch in his Letter to the Smyrnaeans (circa 100 AD).[17] He died in Rome, with his relics located in the Basilica of San Clemente al Laterano.


  • See more generally: Christianity
  • See even more generally: Religion
  • See competitor: Orthodox
  • See related: Evola on Catholicism; Evola and Catholicism; Guénon on Catholicism; Guénon and Catholicism