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Pax philosophica is a tradition of reconciling philosophical discourses.

If Ficino, Giovanni Pico, Agostino Steuco, or Guillaume Postel could argue for a consensus gentium, philosophia perennis, or pax philosophica, there was at the ...

In a letter to Benivieni, Pico writes that he was inspired to pursue the ideal of a pax philosophica by Christ's words in John 14: 27: "Pacem meam do vobis, ...

In a letter to Benivieni, Pico affirmed that the first inspiration of a pax philosophica came to him from the reading of the Johannine text: “Peace is what I leave with ...

Even as his reputation faded, Erasmus worked to complete his blueprint for Europe. In The Complaint of Peace, he decried the nationalist enmities that were splitting the continent. “The English are hostile to the French, for no other reason than that they are French,” he wrote. “The Scots are disliked by the British, solely for being Scots. Germans don’t agree with French, Spaniards don’t agree with either. What perversity—for the mere name of a place to divide people when there is so much which could bring them together!”

Disturbed by the growing bitterness between Catholics and Protestants, Erasmus called on Christians to put aside their private hatreds and bitter quarrels, and instead nurture a spirit of accommodation so that peace could reign. On Mending the Peace of the Church, as he titled the tract, was a resonant appeal for religious tolerance—a formative document in the development of that tradition.

As his end approached, Erasmus sought to warn his fellow Christians of the catastrophe he saw looming—in vain. After his death, in 1536, Europe descended into a century of religious-fueled violence, culminating in the Thirty Years’ War (1618–1648)

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